Hysterosalpingography is an X-ray test that shows how well your fallopian tubes and the inside of your uterus (womb) are working. It can identify if the fallopian tubes have abnormalities or are blocked. This may affect your chances to get pregnant.
A blocked fallopian tube is a common cause of women having difficulty conceiving. They can block sperm flow, which is responsible for fertilizing an egg. The fertilized sperm is then carried down your fallopian tubs to the uterus. This is where it can grow a healthy baby.
This test will most likely be done with a special dye to check for any problems in your fallopian tube or inside your uterus. The dye allows these areas to be more easily seen on Xrays.
You will need to lie down on a table underneath an X-ray device, which has stirrups that fit your feet. Your doctor or technician will first clean your cervix. Then, they will insert a thin tubing through your vaginal (vaginal) canal and uterus. The needle will have a small hole at the tip. They will inject a special dye in your uterus and Fallopian tubes.
The radiologist takes X-rays of your uterus and fallopian tubes to show what he sees. The radiologist can then tell your doctor what’s happening with your uterus and fallopian tubes.
This test can detect fibroids, polyps and scar tissue in your uterus, which are preventing you getting pregnant. These conditions can also increase your risk of having a miscarriage or giving birth to an infant with health problems, such as heart disease.
Your doctor or technician will need to know whether you have a history or infertility or if you are suffering from a chronic pelvic condition or untreated sexually transmitted diseases. You should also tell your provider if you have allergies, medical conditions, or medications that make it difficult for you to be pregnant.
Ask your doctor or technician if they have any pain medications to help with the cramping that occurs during the test. Your doctor will also tell you how to prepare for your procedure.
HSGs can be used to check if the fallopian tubules are blocked or open. If your tubes have opened, you should still be able experience a normal menstrual period and ovulation.
Another reason for getting an HSG would be to check if there is a genetic disorder that runs in your family. If you have a family history of a disease, your doctor or a genetic counselor can recommend testing for it.
A hysterosalpingogram is an outpatient test that takes less than five minutes. It is usually done after the menstrual cycle ends but before ovulation. The dye is then injected into the fallopian tube and uterus, and an X-ray is taken to determine how it spreads.
Some women experience pain during the test. This is especially true if the dye has been injected into the fallopian tubes. Ibuprofen is an over-the counter pain medication that can help ease this feeling.